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King Ludwig II : The Mystery Shrouding His Mental Illness and His Death

Citizens of Bavaria have questioned for more than 150 years whether their King Ludwig II, who ruled from 1845 to 1886 was truly mentally ill at that time. While there are theories that suggest that his behavior was typical of a young man who was eccentric and quite gifted at the same time.

After, King Ludwig II, was like his namesake and grandfather King Ludwig I, who was also fond of the arts. However, King Ludwig II had led a life of isolation due to the lack of peers he can relate with in his lifetime and in Germany’s social circle.

Many Bavarians believe that his psychiatrist had merely acted on the government’s side, by declaring King Ludwig II as insane and not mentally fit to act as ruler of Bavaria. en became responsible for his early death. There was no consideration over the fact that Ludwig was crowned as a king in 1864 at a young age of 18, whilst totally unprepared to take on the throne.

While at first many held high hopes that he would finally come to terms with his responsibilities as King of Bavaria, he disappointed such expectations as Ludwig became more and more reluctant to act accordingly. He avoided fulfilling his social and political obligations, which also led to his depression. He began to realize that his true potential is in the arts, by being a patron of the opera and by becoming a building contractor.

A More Detailed Background on Why King Ludwig II was Branded a Mad King

During the year 1886, Bernhard von Gudden and three other psychiatrists diagnosed King Ludwig II as suffering from paranoia, which was good enough reason for the German government to remove him from the throne. Yet the evaluations weren’t thorough, but merely backed by eyewitnesses whose claims were used as evidences for the diagnosis.

The king was a huge enthusiast of musician Richard Wagner as they both shared ideas of an idealistic society. He started to relate with Wagner’s opera characters, and later on became the musician’s admirer for life. His first governmental order was to find Richard Wagner and summon him to Munich. All these were in large part considerations for the diagnosis of his mental illness.

At the same time, his interest in an absolutist state grew as he imagined himself as a monarch similar to Louis XIV. He built multiple projects, particularly the Königsschloss Neuschwanstein the magnificent yet extravagant medieval-style castle that caused his kingdom to fall into a financial crisis.

Psychiatrists believed that with his behavior becoming more and more abnormal along with his imaginations that were termed as hallucinations, they were certain of the diagnosis. The psychiatrists refrained from mentioning that King Ludwig II was also homophilic. At that time, it was a scandal to be more interested in persons of the same sex. Since the Bavarian King II was not interested in women, he was unmarried when he died at age 44.

The questions regarding King Ludwig II’s sanity remain unanswered, because when the Bavarian King died by drowning in Starnberg lake on the same day he was officially declared as insane, the psychiatrist who made the declaration died along with the king in the same lake and on the same day.

What Home Remedies For Bronchitis Are Suitable For Children | In The Absence of Nebulizer

It could be that nebulizer is the most effective method in treating bronchitis. But not all families have a nebulizing machine to start with? What are home remedies that are suitable for children in the absence of a nebulizer? Look for affordable pocket nebulizers.

In principle, the home remedies suitable for children are the same as described above: bed rest, teas, compresses, rubbing in and, if necessary, inhaling. But: The corresponding warning notices must be observed! They concern, on the one hand, the duty of care (e.g. when inhaling) and, on the other hand, specific dangers in infancy and small children (e.g. bronchospasm risk from essential oils).

The most important home remedy for children, on the other hand, is always suitable: loving touch with holding hands, gentle massages and caressing. In this way, the annoying symptoms of a cold can also be endured much better.

Home Remedies For Bronchitis

1. Inhalation: Hot vapors (with or without essential oils) or an inhaler with a nebulizer function can also significantly alleviate your symptoms. Inhaling is one of the most frequently recommended treatments by doctors for painful coughs and stubborn phlegm.

Attention! Do not use essential oil on infants, toddlers, bronchial asthma, whooping cough or croup. The little patients should also only inhale under supervision!

How to do it? Fill an inhaler with a mouth and nose attachment with hot, no longer boiling water and then breathe in and out slowly and deeply as often as possible. The inhalation should be repeated regularly, e.g. every three hours. To inhale with isotonic saline solution, a teaspoon (or approx. 9 g) of salt is added to 1 liter of hot water.

The classic alternative to the inhaler is the bowl and towel. However, this method is less convenient and should be used with caution due to the risk of scalding. So don’t lower your head over the bowl until the hot liquid has cooled down a bit!

2. Onion and honey: Both are mostly present in the household and have a calming effect on the inflamed bronchi. Alone or in combination as home-brewed cough syrup or syrup, they are classics among home remedies. The valuable ingredients of onions include essential oil, sulfur-containing compounds and flavonoids. They provide expectorant, germicidal and slightly anti-inflammatory effects. The widely valued bee sap was particularly convincing in some studies because of its good effect in the treatment of coughs and sore throats in children.

Attention! Due to the risk of infant botulism, honey is not suitable in the first 12 months of life. Traces of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum can be found in honey. This can cause a rare type of food poisoning (botulism) in babies. Therefore, it is recommended not to give honey to babies in the first year of life.

How to do it? Dice the onions and bring to the boil with honey or rock sugar over low heat (or put in a sealable glass over medium heat in the oven until the onion juice has come out). Then strain through a cotton cloth or a coffee filter, if necessary leave it to soak in the refrigerator overnight, and take in a teaspoon at a time. Onion sachets are also a good option for neck and chest wraps.

3. Ginger tea is a popular and effective home remedy for colds and bronchitis. In addition to the essential oils, the hot substance gingerol is primarily responsible for the beneficial effects of the ginger tuber. Especially with sore throats and coughing in the context of acute bronchitis, you benefit from the fact that the tuber not only has an anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effect, but also supports our immune system in the fight against pathogens.

How to do it? To make a ginger tea, pour boiling water over some freshly cut, thin slices of ginger. Cover and let the infusion stand for about five to ten minutes. Then the parts of the plant are strained and the tea, depending on taste, is seasoned with a little honey and lemon.

Which medicinal plants are particularly effective in treating bronchitis?

The following medicinal plants have proven to be particularly effective in treating bronchitis: thyme, ivy and primrose. The herbal ingredients have an expectorant, expectorant, mucous membrane protection, antispasmodic, cough-relieving, germ and anti-inflammatory effect. The dominant properties vary depending on the plant.

Incidentally, the effectiveness of approved herbal medicinal products has been proven. Ask your pharmacists. There are very good and proven lozenges that are effective to alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. Check its ingredients. Those that have thyme, ivy, and primrose are among those effective lozenges and cough drops.

Tip: By regularly sucking pastilles or cough drops, you can additionally stimulate your saliva flow and thus also support the moistening of the mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract (nasopharynx). The active ingredients of thyme contained in these lozenges also alleviate the irritation of the throat and the hoarseness.